IMPORTANT PROVISIONS OF THE 1954 GENEVA CONVENTION Three cessation of hostilities agreements for Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia Most of the nine participating countries have committed to guaranteeing the agreements, but the United States has made it clear that it is not bound by them. The South Vietnamese also refused to give their consent and the final declaration was not under contract by all parties. The U.S. government pledged to create its own anti-communist state in southern Vietnam, and in 1956 it supported South Vietnam`s refusal to hold national elections in agreement with northern Vietnam. In April 1954, diplomats from several nations, including the United States, the Soviet Union, China, France and the United Kingdom, participated in a conference in Geneva, Switzerland. This led to the creation of the Geneva Agreement, which laid out a roadmap for peace and reunification in Vietnam. The Geneva Conventions will be remembered as a failure, especially because the great nations did not respect their conditions. Banned from 23 July 1954, with the exception of the piecemeal replacement of war material, weapons, ammunition destroyed, damaged, worn or consumed after the cessation of hostilities (except for French Union forces north of the demarcation during the 300-day withdrawal period) Historian John Lewis Gaddis has stated that the 1954 agreements were hastily conceived and formulated ambiguously; That from an international point of view, talking about violations by both sides makes little sense.  While delegates began meeting in Geneva from the end of April, discussions on Indochina did not begin until May 8, 1954. The Viet Minh had won the day before at Dien Bien Phu their decisive victory over the French Union forces.
[5:549 The agreement was signed by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, France, the People`s Republic of China, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. The State of Vietnam rejected the agreement, while the United States said it „takes note“ of the ceasefire agreements and declared that it would „refrain from using the threat or use of force to disrupt them“. :606 1. The Geneva Conventions refer to a series of agreements relating to the future of Vietnam. They were created during the multilateral discussions in Geneva between March and July 1954. Zhou Enlai reported on some last-minute agreements regarding conference procedures. It was decided that the Korean delegation would speak first and that Thailand, Great Britain and the Soviet Union would alternately take over the chairmanship of the conference. „If the end provided for by the 1954 agreements (peace) proved elusive, it was not in favor of the means to achieve peace.
The fatal shortcoming was that the agreements were not confirmed or approved by all parties to the conflict. The United States and the South are not bound by the agreements, because they have not only refused to sign. or to support the statement orally, but also to endorse it in the affirmative. Roger H. . . . .