Neutral Ground Agreement 1806

Negotiations for the settlement of the dispute were interrupted in 1805, when Spain severed diplomatic relations with the United States. [Citation required] From October 1805 to October 1806, verbal and military clashes took place several times around the Sabine River. There were rumors that both sides were gathering troops near the disputed area. [5] Texas Governor Manuel Salcedo acknowledged the gravity of the circumstances, but understood that the solution required diplomatic finesse, and wrote to Justice John Carr, Justice of the Peace of Natchitoches, and proposed a joint effort by the two nations to free neutral soil from all unauthorized persons. Justice Carr, a civil judge, found the idea appealing, but deferred the decision to William C.C Claiborne, governor of the Orleans Territory. Local officials from Spain and the United States have agreed to temporarily leave Neutral Soil outside the jurisdiction of one of the two countries. The area of present-day Western Louisiana had neutral status from 1806 to 1821. [1] [5] Therefore, until 1821, the Neutral Ground existed outside the government of the United States or Spain. [6] Although the agreement stipulated that no settlers would be allowed in Neutral Soil, the settlers moved in from both Spanish and American territory. [4] On March 5, Pike ordered William Augustus Magee, who had led the American contingent into the un governed area in 1810. The expedition destroyed 11 houses and different tent camps that they fell.

They took sixteen men and thirty-five horses and mules, and found stolen goods, weapons, and ammunition. This unilateral violation of the neutral soil agreement ended Spanish-American cooperation along the Texas and Louisiana borders. U.S. officials focused on the war with the British and diverted their attention from the East and South, leaving people on both sides of the border to suffer relentless looting. After the Louisiana Purchase, the United States and Spain failed to agree on the Louisiana-Texas border. To avoid an armed collision, on November 5, 1806, General James Wilkinson and Lieutenant Colonel Simón de Herrera, respectively the American and Spanish military commanders, reached an agreement making the disputed area a neutral ground. The boundaries of the Neutral Ground have never been officially described beyond a general statement that the Arroyo Hondo to the east and the Sabine River to the west were to serve as borders. However, it can be assumed that the Gulf of Mexico formed the southern boundary and the thirty-second latitude the northern boundary. Although the agreement stipulated that no settlers would be allowed in Neutral Soil, the settlers moved into both Spanish and American territory. The two governments were forced to send joint military expeditions in 1810 and 1812 to drive out the outlaws who made travel and trade dangerous and unprofitable in the neutral band. Possession of the band entered the United States in 1821 by the Adams Onís Treaty. The Neutral Strip, sometimes called no man`s land or neutral land, was a controversial part of the territory between Hispano-Texas and the newly American territory of Louisiana.

In October 1806, the American armed forces and the Spanish Empire that clashed clashed through the Sabine River. To avoid a war, General James Wilkinson, who commanded the American forces, and Lieutenant Colonel Simón de Herrera, who commanded for Spain, reached a temporary compromise known as a „neutral agreement on the ground.“ If Herrera kept the Spanish forces west of Sabine, Wilkinson would withdraw the American troops east of the traditional Franco-Spanish border. . . .